GET TOUGH! How To Win In Hand-To-Hand Fighting. As Taught To The British Commandos And The U.S. Armed Forces. W.E. FAIRBAIRN. 2. 2. PREFACE. Manual on fighting for Allied soldiers during the Second World War. The Method of Hand-to-Hand Fighting described in this book is the approved standard instruction for all members of His Majesty's forces. The units of the United States Marine Corps who were stationed in China. Get Tough! Fairbairn - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.
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Original filename: Get Tough - W.E. balsodoctforri.ga This PDF document has been generated by Adobe Acrobat / Adobe Acrobat Double Handed method is shown in the greatest part in Fairbairn's books “All In. Fighting²” and Self . ²All-In Fighting was published in the US as “Get Tough”. balsodoctforri.ga, balsodoctforri.ga, balsodoctforri.ga, flechette dart balsodoctforri.ga fogger smoke bomb balsodoctforri.ga, Get Tough - W E balsodoctforri.ga
Fairbairn to North America , and Sykes to SOE, where he trained special agents for behind the lines duties[ clarification needed ]. Agents were trained in depth to dispose of their enemy quickly and quietly with brutal effectiveness. Following his instruction at Camp X, Fairbairn was rejoined by Col. This introduction of 'The Fairbairn Fighting System' at Camp X in conjunction with input from many highly skilled instructors with various backgrounds and fighting skills was the beginning of the evolution of Defendu.
As close quarters battle or unarmed combat training progressed throughout this period, it was added to and refined utilising western fighting principles. Basic principles[ edit ] Defendu encourages its practitioner to end a confrontation as quickly as possible using "ungentlemanly" means by rapidly attacking vital spot area such as the groin, throat, side of the neck, shin, eyes, ears, etc.
These strikes are taught as a method and not as a disconnected isolated strikes found in traditional martial arts. Done properly, these strikes will "chain" at each other just like boxing. Defendu was also designed to be able to be mastered in a mere days due to the extremely compressed curriculum. Thor Sheil. Hand-To-Hand Fighting: Marriott Jay Mike. Cummings More From Chris Gordon. Andika Dutha Bachari. Michele Esposito. Fundamentals of Scientific Wrestling - Shozo Sashara Cleland, R.
Seaton Kick boxing: Guide to a Greco-Roman Wrestling - J. Place his right leg around the front of the tree, with the foot to the left. Place the left leg over his right ankle, as in Fig. Force your prisoner well down the pole until the weight of his body locks his left foot around the tree, as in Fig.
Normally, the average man placed in this position would get cramp in one or both legs within ten to fifteen minutes, when it is not at all unlikely that he would throw himself backwards. This would kill him. Take hold of his legs and lift him up the tree; then unlock his legs.
Various Methods of Securing a Prisoner contd. The Chair. A chair with an open back is preferable. Force your prisoner to sit on the chair, pass one of his arms through the back and the other around it, and secure his wrist with cord Fig.
Then tie the upper part of his arms to the chair, one on either side Fig. Tie both feet to the chair — one on either side — with only the toes of his boots resting on the ground, as in Fig. Gag him, if necessary. A Substitute for Handcuffs. The following method, whereby one man can effectively control two to six prisoners, may be found very useful.
A police baton, night stick, or hunting crop, preferably fitted with a cord thong, as in Fig. Make them all put their right wrists through the loop of the thong, and twist the baton until the thong cuts well into their wrists Fig.
Then march them off. We admit that under certain circumstances it would be diffi- cult and painful, also that it might result in a badly strained ligament. Two fairly well known holds that are so accepted are these shown on the opposite page: Students must face the fact that a man fighting for his life or to prevent capture is a vastly different person to one they may have met in competition, etc.
It is an established fact that a man in fear of death will be prepared to undertake the lifting of five times the weight he would in normal times, also that he can, under such circum- stances, take approximately the same amount of extra punishment. The above is not quoted with the idea of preparing the reader to take a lot of punishment, should he attempt to break either of these holds, but simply to show him that even if he failed it would be well worth while making an attempt.
One thing is certain; in the event of failing, he will not be in a much worse position than he was originally. We rather anticipate that the reader will ask, Why is it that these holds have been so commonly accepted as being unbreakable?
Our answer would be: Those of us who have made a study of the art of attack and defence well know that the average student is too inclined to demonstrate his prowess on his friends, after only a few lessons, and before he has mastered even the initial movement: This often results in broken bones, etc.
Further, the counter measures used to break holds such as these are drastic in the extreme and are only shown to students after they have proved beyond doubt that they would not wilfully mis-apply them. Your opponent has hold of you as in Fig. Exaggerate the pain you are receiving by shouting or groaning. Try to be out of step with him, which makes it easier to apply your counter. Only resist sufficiently to prevent him from being suspicious.
Do not be in a hurry to apply your counter. The opening will be there every time he takes the weight of his body on his left foot: Smartly jab the outside of your right leg against the outside of his left leg, forcing his leg inwards, and break it Fig. If necessary, apply the edge of hand blow on the back of his neck with your left hand and kill him. As in the previous method, wait until your opponent is off his guard and only resist slightly.
Turn sharply and completely around towards your left-hand side, simultaneously bending your legs at the knees and your head forward to permit of your head going under his left arm. Then straighten up your head. These movements, in addition to twisting his arm, lock his left hand in the back of your collar. Strike the elbow of his left arm, with a vicious upward jab, with the palm of your right hand as in Fig.
Use of the Knife The knife in close-quarter fighting is the most deadly weapon to have to contend with.
It is admitted by recognized authorities that for an entirely unarmed man there is no certain defence against a knife. With this we are in entire agreement. We are also aware of the psychological effect that the sudden flashing of a knife will have on the majority of persons. It has been proved that the British bayonet is still feared, and it is not very difficult to visualize the many occasions, such as on a night raid, house-to-house fighting, or even a boarding party, when a knife or short broad-sword would have been a far more effective weapon.
There are many positions in which the knife can be carried, but what might suit one man and lead him to think that it is the only position, will not, owing to the length of arm or thickness of the body, etc.
This is a matter that must be decided by each individual for himself; but before making the final selection, students should note that no matter how good the position or the manner in which the knife is carried, a really quick draw cannot be accom- plished unless the sheath is firmly secured to the clothing or equip- ment.
Moreover, speed on the draw can only be acquired by constant daily practice. We, personally, favour a concealed position, using the left hand, well knowing that, in close-quarter fighting, the element of surprise is the main factor of success. Use of the Knife contd. It is essential that your knife should have a sharp stabbing point, with good cutting edges, because an artery torn through as against a clean cut tends to contract and stop the bleeding.
This frequently happens in an explosion. A person may have an arm or a leg blown off and still live, yet if a main artery had been cut they would quickly have lost consciousness and almost immediately have died.
Certain arteries are more vulnerable to attack than others, on account of their being nearer the surface of the skin, or not being protected by clothing or equipment. In the accompanying diagram, the approximate positions of the arteries are given. Naturally, the speed at which loss of consciousness or death takes place will depend upon the size of the artery cut. The heart or stomach, when not protected by equipment, should be attacked. The psychological effect of even a slight wound in the stomach is a point worthy of note.
Stomach — 5' Depending on depth of cut. Artery No. Knife in right hand, edges parallel to ground, seize opponent around the neck from behind with your left arm, pulling his head to the left. Thrust point well in; then cut sideways. Hold knife as in Fig. Note — This is not an easy artery to cut with a knife, but, once cut, your opponent will drop, and no tourniquet or any help of man can save him.
Thrust well in with the point, taking care when attacking from behind not to go too high or you will strike the shoulder blade. Stomach, No. Thrust well in with the point and cut in any direc- tion. The Smatchet The psychological reaction of any man, when he first takes the smatchet in his hand, is full justification for its recommendation as a fighting weapon. He will immediately register all the essential qualities of a good soldier — confidence, determination, and aggres- siveness.
Its balance, weight, and killing power, with the point, edge or pommel, combined with the extremely simple training necessary to become efficient in its use, make it the ideal personal weapon for all those not armed with a rifle and bayonet.
Carrying, Drawing, and Holding. The smatchet should be carried in the scabbard on the left side of the belt, as in Fig. This permits one to run, climb, sit, or lie down. Pass the right hand through the thong and draw upwards with a bent arm Fig.
Grip the handle as near the guard as possible, cutting edge downwards Fig.
Close-In Blows. Drive well into the stomach Fig. Cut to left-low of neck Fig. Smash up with pommel, under chin Fig. The Smatchet contd. Smash down with pommel into the face Fig.
Attacking Blows. Disarm, from in Front You are held-up with a pistol and ordered to put your hands up. The fact that you have not been shot on sight clearly shows that your opponent wants to take you as a prisoner or is afraid to fire, knowing that it will raise an alarm. Lead him to suppose, by your actions, etc. Providing all your movements are carried out with speed, it is possible for you to disarm him, with at least a ten to one chance of success.
Hold your hands and arms as in Fig. This will knock the pistol clear of your body Fig. Note that the thumb of your right hand is on top. Seize the pistol with the left hand as in Fig. Keeping a firm grip with the right hand on his wrist, force the pistol backwards with your left hand, and knee him or kick him in the testicles Fig. Disarm, from in Front Fig. Disarm, from in Front Alternative Method It will be noted that in this method the initial attack is made with the left hand instead of the right, as was demonstrated in the previous method.
Seize the pistol with the right hand, as in Fig. Keeping a firm grip with your left hand on his wrist, bend his wrist and pistol backwards; at the same time, knee him in the testicles Fig. Disarm, from in Front Alternative Method Fig. Disarm, from Behind 1. Hold your arms as in Fig. Disarm, from Behind Fig. Disarm, from Behind Alternative Method The difference between this method and that shown on the previous page is that the initial attack is made with your right arm instead of the left.
Disarm, from Behind Alternative Method Fig. Disarming a Third Party It is not at all unlikely you might, upon coming round a corner, find one of your own men being held up, as in Fig. Jerk his hand upwards and backwards, and force his elbow upwards with your left hand, at the same time pivoting inwards on your left foot. Continue the pressure of your right hand in a downward direction Fig. Disarming a Third Party Fig.
Walbridge From the work of Captain W. Fairbairn you will have obtained some wonderful methods of attack and defence.
He will have in- stilled into you a real fighting spirit and a willingness for close combat. I write only of the use of the rifle and bayonet — a weapon regarded by far too many people as almost obsolete. Many manuals have been written on the methods of firing, most of them suited only to peace-time conditions and to slow shooting. It is, therefore, the intention of these pages in as few words and as few lessons as possible to help to bring back the rifle to its rightful position and real use, and to enable any man to reach a standard of efficiency in handling that will surprise even the expert.
The reader will appreciate that it is necessary to explain a few points about elementary work before advancing to rapid firing. The rifle is a far more efficient weapon than is generally recognized, and can be used with deadly effect at short ranges in the manner of a sub-machine gun, besides being the best friend at longer distances.
Errors in elevation can be corrected by backsight adjustment or by aiming up or down. The rifle must never have a lateral error. Test it at a short range, either 25 or yards, and if it is shooting to the left or right, the foresight must be moved. This adjustment is very easily carried out provided you remember that the foresight must be moved in the same direction as the error, i. With the aid of a pull-through and flannelette, dry-clean the barrel until all trace of oil is removed.
With a stick of suitable size Fig. This is a most im- portant part in preparation, as the presence of dirt or oil in the chamber will prevent the cartridge from being easily withdrawn, and cause unnecessary delay in re-loading.
Remove all trace of oil and dirt from the body of the rifle and the inside of the magazine. Clean the outside, ensuring that the foresight and backsight are free from oil.
Thoroughly dry-clean the bolt. Lightly oil the bolt and along the inside of the body of the rifle. Keep the face of the bolt dry. The rifle is now ready for use.
Rub lightly to avoid the browning being removed. With the aperture backsight, the foresight must be seen in the centre of the aperture Fig. With this type of sight, ignore the backsight and concentrate on the foresight. The eye will automatically tend to centre it in the aperture, which is generally so small that it permits of few errors. With both sights, aim will always be taken at the centre of the target. Errors in aiming will be easy to detect. As a result of this error, the shot would go low and to the left.
Constant practice in aiming is necessary to eliminate faults. Occasionally practise aiming with both eyes open, as the left eye is seldom closed in quick firing. First, ensure that the ammunition and charger are clean; then place the rounds in as shown in Fig. Remove and replace them quickly to ensure that the charger works freely.
Ninety per cent of jams that occur in loading are due to bad filling of the chargers. To load, push forward the safety catch, pull out the cut-off if any , place the charger in the rifle and the right hand and thumb in position, as in Fig. Push the rounds into the magazine in one movement, close the breech, and apply the safety catch. If the rifle is to remain loaded for a very long period, it is advisable to push the top round down and close the breech on an empty chamber; press the trigger and apply the safety catch.
This will avoid the bolt main spring being compressed. When required for use, push forward the safety catch, open the cut-off, and open and close the breech. This should be adopted as shown in Fig. Notice especially l the relative closeness of the elbows, and 2 the forward position of the rifle.
Careful attention to these particular points will enable you to use the elbows as a pivot to bring the rifle to the aiming position. No other movement of the body is then necessary. The position of the legs open or crossed is immaterial so long as the firer is comfortable.
In the aiming position Fig.
This allows quick and delicate handling of the trigger. Trigger Pressing After the rifle has been brought to the shoulder, without undue delay take the first pressure, breathing naturally until you are ready to fire.
Then lightly restrain the breathing, and fire. Keep your right eye open the whole time and try to observe the strike of your shot. The number of rounds you are able to fire in one minute will depend on the length of time it takes you to open and close the breech. When re-loading, only the slightest movement of the right hand and wrist is neces- sary. Hold the knob of the bolt firmly between the thumb and forefinger; raise it, at the same time tilting the rifle slightly to the right; draw the bolt fully to the rear, and at once close the breech with a sharp forward and downward movement.
All these actions should be continuous, and carried out as quickly as possible after the shot has been fired. The action of tilting the rifle will assist the opening of the breech and the ejection of the empty case. The head must be kept still throughout.
To enable you to get correct bolt manipulation, practise in the following way.
Tie the trigger to the rear Fig. Then, in the lying position, practise the correct movement of the right hand and wrist in opening and closing the breech.
Place the right hand in its correct position and the finger on the trigger each time. On the P. When you have mastered the wrist and hand movement so essen- tial to good manipulation, remove the string and practise firing.
Each day will see a great change in your ability to fire a large number of accurately aimed shots. Quick inaccurate shooting is of no use. Each shot must be fired by taking the first and second pressures correctly. Only in this way can you hope to become an expert in rapid firing.
Try and keep to the suggested programme. The above standards are set assuming you will not be able to obtain dummy cartridges.
If you train to fire thirty aimed shots in one minute in this manner, you should be capable of firing twenty to twenty-five rounds of ball ammunition in one minute and maintain reasonable accuracy.
Get a friend to assist you. It will be observed that the above programme allows you only six hours to become an expert in rapid fire. This is not impossible. Provided reasonable efficiency has been attained in slow firing, you should now be ready to quicken up. You will seldom be given the opportunity to adopt a comfortable firing position, but will have to fire either from the hip Fig. In firing from the hip, you must be very close to your target if you are to obtain a hit, whereas from the shoulder, firing is much quicker and accuracy is not so much sacrificed.
When approaching an area where your target is likely to appear suddenly, e. This will enable you instantly to bring the rifle to the shoulder and open fire. To increase your speed of firing to a rate previously imagined unattainable, you will have to press the trigger with the first or second finger while retaining your hold on the bolt Fig. For close work or crossing a gap, you will find it invaluable to be able to fire at this speed with reasonable accuracy.
I have frequently fired at a much faster rate when demonstrating this method. Otherwise you would shoot from the hip or shoulder. Except when in close formation among comrades, keep the bayonet point low. Carry the rifle as shown in Fig.
In this position there is less chance of your thrust being parried and you are able to deliver a point in any direction. Most of the upper part of the body will be covered by equipment. To withdraw, take a short pace to the rear as you wrench out the bayonet. You are then in a good position to deliver a second point, should this become necessary.
If you are close to your opponent and unable to deliver a point, smash him on the side of his head with the butt Fig.